Nepal General Information

Nepal, a landlocked country in South-Central Asia, spans 141,000 sq. km. along the southern slopes of the Himalayas. Its fertile southern border is well-cultivated, transitioning to forests and marshlands further north. The central uplands, including Kathmandu and the Pokhara Valley, lie at an altitude of around 1.3 thousand meters above sea level. Mt. Everest, the world's highest peak, towers over the landscape. The majority of Nepal's population, around two-thirds, is engaged in agriculture, benefiting from the country's varied terrain, which includes fertile plains and lofty mountains, creating diverse agricultural environments.

For tourists, Nepal offers a diverse range of experiences. The website provides comprehensive information on weather, history, lifestyle, health, festivals, and entertainment. This guide serves as an essential resource for travelers planning to explore the majestic mountain kingdom of Nepal.

Country Description

Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, is a land of breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality. Here's some general information about this enchanting country:

Geography: Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia, bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east, and west. The country is known for its diverse geography, ranging from the towering peaks of the Himalayas in the north to the fertile plains of the Terai region in the south.

Capital: The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu, which is also the largest city in the country. Kathmandu is a vibrant metropolis renowned for its ancient temples, bustling markets, and rich cultural heritage.

Population: Nepal has a diverse population comprising various ethnic groups and cultures. The population is estimated to be around 30 million people, with Nepali as the official language.

Culture: Nepal is a melting pot of diverse cultures and traditions. The country is famous for its vibrant festivals, intricate architecture, and traditional arts and crafts. Hinduism and Buddhism are the major religions practiced in Nepal, and religious sites such as Pashupatinath Temple and Swayambhunath Stupa attract pilgrims and tourists alike.

Tourism: Nepal is a popular destination for adventure seekers, nature lovers, and spiritual travelers. The country offers a wide range of activities, including trekking in the Himalayas, wildlife safaris in national parks like Chitwan and Bardia, and cultural tours of ancient cities like Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan.

Economy: Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for the majority of people in Nepal. However, tourism also plays a significant role in the country's economy, contributing to employment and foreign exchange earnings.

Climate: Nepal experiences a diverse climate due to its varying topography. The Terai region has a tropical climate with hot summers and mild winters, while the Himalayan region has a cold alpine climate with snowfall during the winter months.

Natural Resources: Nepal is blessed with abundant natural resources, including water, forests, and minerals. The country's rivers are a major source of hydroelectric power, while its forests are home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna.

Overall, Nepal offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and adventure opportunities, making it a must-visit destination for travelers from around the world.

Name of the Country: Nepal

  • Area: 140,800 sq km
  • Population: 30.03 million (2021)
  • Capital City Kathmandu
  • Diverse Ethnic Groups: Hindus, Newars, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Rais, Limbus, and Sherpas
  • National Language: Nepali (Khaskura)
  • Other Languages: Awadhi, Newari, Hindi, Bahing, Limbu, Maithili, and Mundari
  • Tourist Language: English
  • Religion: Hindu (Major)
  • Government and Parliamentary Democracy 
  • Major Industries: Tourism, Handicraft, Agriculture and Water Resources

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